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HDD S.M.A.R.T. Festplatten SMART in Linux Ubuntu abfragen

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1 smartmonttols installieren

Zunächst müssen dazu die smartmontools installiert sein:

apt-get install smartmontools

und danach sollte man die Datenbank der Festplatten welche die Tools nutzen aktualisieren:

update-smart-drivedb




2 Anzahl der Festplatten und Gerätenamen feststellen

Bevor wir nun die erste Festplatte abfragen sollten wir feststellen welche Festplatten es gibt und wo die eingehängt sind:

sed -ne 's/.*\([sh]d[a-zA-Z]\+$\)/\/dev\/\1/p' /proc/partitions

Bei meinem Server kommt da z.B. die Ausgabe

/dev/sda

Passt, ist ja auch nur eine Festplatte drin.
Die Ausgabe ist auch der Gerätename den wir nachfolgend verwenden müssen.



3 Unterstützt die Festplatte SMART?

Nun können wir testen ob die Festplatte überhaupt das Auslesen der SMART Daten unterstützt:

smartctl -i /dev/sda

Ergibt eine Ausgabe wie:

smartctl 6.2 2013-07-26 r3841 [x86_64-linux-3.10.23-xxxx-std-ipv6-64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-13, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Toshiba 3.5" HDD DT01ACA...
Device Model:     TOSHIBA DT01ACA100
Serial Number:    13OPK54GS
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000039 ff2e5fb3d
Firmware Version: MS2OA750
User Capacity:    1.000.204.886.016 bytes [1,00 TB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate:    7200 rpm
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.0, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Thu Aug  7 20:19:52 2014 CEST
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

Prima, ist in der Datenbank und wird unterstützt. Den genauen Datenbankeintrag bekommen wir mit

smartctl -P show /dev/sda

Ergebnis:

Drive found in smartmontools Database.  Drive identity strings:
MODEL:              TOSHIBA DT01ACA100
FIRMWARE:           MS2OA750
match smartmontools Drive Database entry:
MODEL REGEXP:       TOSHIBA DT01ACA(025|032|050|075|100|150|200|300)
FIRMWARE REGEXP:    .*
MODEL FAMILY:       Toshiba 3.5" HDD DT01ACA...
ATTRIBUTE OPTIONS:  None preset; no -v options are required.


Falls eine Meldung wie diese kommt:

/dev/sdb: Unknown USB bridge [0x1058:0x10b8 (0x1012)]
Smartctl: please specify device type with the -d option.

probiert alle vorherigen und nachfolgenden Aufrufe mit einem zusätzlichen -d sat:

smartctl -d sat -i /dev/sda




4 Alle Daten auslesen

Mit folgenden Befehl bekommen wir alle Informationen die es gibt:

smartctl -a /dev/sda

Beispiel:

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Toshiba 3.5" HDD DT01ACA...
Device Model:     TOSHIBA DT01ACA100
Serial Number:    13OPK54GS
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000039 ff2e5fb3d
Firmware Version: MS2OA750
User Capacity:    1.000.204.886.016 bytes [1,00 TB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate:    7200 rpm
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.0, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Thu Aug  7 20:26:06 2014 CEST
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x84) Offline data collection activity
                                        was suspended by an interrupting command from host.
                                        Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0) The previous self-test routine completed
                                        without error or no self-test has ever
                                        been run.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection:                ( 6973) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:                    (0x5b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                                        Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
                                        Suspend Offline collection upon new
                                        command.
                                        Offline surface scan supported.
                                        Self-test supported.
                                        No Conveyance Self-test supported.
                                        Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
                                        power-saving mode.
                                        Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01) Error logging supported.
                                        General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time:        (   1) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:        ( 117) minutes.
SCT capabilities:              (0x003d) SCT Status supported.
                                        SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
                                        SCT Feature Control supported.
                                        SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000b   100   100   016    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  2 Throughput_Performance  0x0005   141   141   054    Pre-fail  Offline      -       73
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0007   127   127   024    Pre-fail  Always       -       182 (Average 180)
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       29
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   005    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000b   100   100   067    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  8 Seek_Time_Performance   0x0005   115   115   020    Pre-fail  Offline      -       34
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0012   099   099   000    Old_age   Always       -       7060
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   060    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       29
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       53
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       53
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0002   162   162   000    Old_age   Always       -       37 (Min/Max 16/45)
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0022   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0008   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x000a   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
Num  Test_Description    Status                  Remaining  LifeTime(hours)  LBA_of_first_error
# 1  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      6650         -
# 2  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      6647         -
# 3  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      5689         -
# 4  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      5688         -
# 5  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      5688         -
# 6  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      5688         -
# 7  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      5683         -
# 8  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      1751         -
# 9  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      1747         -
#10  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      1746         -
#11  Short offline       Completed without error       00%        29         -
#12  Short offline       Completed without error       00%        25         -
#13  Short offline       Completed without error       00%        25         -

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

Meine Platte hier ist also schon mindestens 277 Tage im Betrieb.


5 Zusammenfassung aller Daten

Eine verkützte Ausgabe in der nur die Werte sind erhalten wir mit dem großen A:

smartctl -A /dev/sda

Ausgabe:

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000b   100   100   016    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  2 Throughput_Performance  0x0005   141   141   054    Pre-fail  Offline      -       73
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0007   127   127   024    Pre-fail  Always       -       182 (Average 180)
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       29
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   005    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000b   100   100   067    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  8 Seek_Time_Performance   0x0005   115   115   020    Pre-fail  Offline      -       34
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0012   099   099   000    Old_age   Always       -       7063
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   060    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       29
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       53
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       53
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0002   166   166   000    Old_age   Always       -       36 (Min/Max 16/45)
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0022   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0008   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x000a   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0




6 Nur Zustand abfragen

Wenn wir nur wissen wollen ob alles Ok ist:

smartctl -H /dev/sda

Ergebnis:

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED




7 Auflistung der möglichen Selbsttests

smartctl -c /dev/sda

Ergebnis:

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x84) Offline data collection activity
                                        was suspended by an interrupting   command from host.
                                        Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0) The previous self-test routine completed
                                        without error or no self-test has ever
                                        been run.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection:                ( 6973) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:                    (0x5b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                                        Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
                                        Suspend Offline collection upon new
                                        command.
                                        Offline surface scan supported.
                                        Self-test supported.
                                        No Conveyance Self-test supported.
                                        Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
                                        power-saving mode.
                                        Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01) Error logging supported.
                                        General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time:        (   1) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:        ( 117) minutes.
SCT capabilities:              (0x003d) SCT Status supported.
                                        SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
                                        SCT Feature Control supported.
                                        SCT Data Table supported.

Wie Ihr seht gibt es Zeitschätzung dazu wie lang der Test dauern würde.


8 Ergebnisse der letzten Tests abfragen

Welche Tests er mit welchen Ergebnis zuletzt gemacht hat seht Ihr mit

smartctl -l selftest /dev/sda

Ergebnis:

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
Num  Test_Description    Status                  Remaining  LifeTime(hours)   LBA_of_first_error
# 1  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      6650         -
# 2  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      6647         -
# 3  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      5689         -
# 4  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      5688         -
# 5  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      5688         -
# 6  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      5688         -
# 7  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      5683         -
# 8  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      1751         -
# 9  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      1747         -
#10  Short offline       Completed without error       00%      1746         -
#11  Short offline       Completed without error       00%        29         -
#12  Short offline       Completed without error       00%        25         -
#13  Short offline       Completed without error       00%        25         -




9 Temperatur abfragen

Warum auch immer .... in den vorherigen Werten wird die Temperatur mit "162" angegeben ... wie das in Grad umgerechnet wird weis ich nicht. Aber es gibt ein eigenes Programm dafür:

hddtemp /dev/sda

Ausgabe:

/dev/sda: TOSHIBA DT01ACA100: 35°C




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